The Flag of the Togolese Republic is a flag with five equal horizontal bands with in the left corner a conton and a star. The used colors in the flag are red, green, yellow, white. The proportion of the Togolese flag is 1:1.618. The Flag of Togo was adopted in 1960.
The flag of Togo (French: drapeau du Togo) is the national flag, ensign, and naval jack of Togo. It has five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow. There is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner. It uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia, but the design resembles the flag of Liberia which itself echoes the flag of the United States.
The flag was designed by artist Paul Ahyi and approximates a golden rectangle closely. Ahyi (January 15, 1930 – January 4, 2010) was regarded as among the greatest of African artists of his generation. Born in Togo, Ahyi graduated from the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1959 and returned to Togo. He designed the flag of Togo while working on other contemporary works. The flag was adopted on April 28, 1960 and is still in use. During France’s rule over Togo from 1957 to 1958, the flag of French Togo was used. After Togo’s independence, the first Flag of Togo was used from 1958 to 1960.
The four colors (green, red, white and yellow) are the Pan-African colors.
The colors of the flag are meant to symbolize
- Red: Represents blood shed by Martyrs to gain independence
- White: Represents hope, star of hope
- Green: Represents the forests, Agriculture, nature, and overall hope for the future
- Yellow: Represents natural resources of the country
The sides of the flag of Togo are in the golden ratio φ = 1+√5/2 ≈ 1.618034, making the flag of Togo one out of the only two national flags with irrational proportions (the other one would be Nepal).
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