The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Kenya. List of Senators – 11th Parliament [2013 – 2017]. The Senate was first established as part of Kenya’s 1963 Constitution. After being abolished in 1966, the Senate was re-established by the 2010 Constitution. A candidate intending to become a senator in Kenya must meet a certain threshold. The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) stipulates this threshold. IEBC provides the guidelines to vie for the position of a senator in Kenya. A senator is a very important elected representative. He or she should protect and promote the interest of the counties. A senator in Kenya also acts as a link between the national and the county governments. A senator in Kenya plays three roles, which are representation, legislation, and oversight. The senators represent the people in the counties and make laws that primarily concern counties. They also supervise the county governments’ expenditure of national revenue that parliament allocates to them.
First Senate, 1963–1966
Kenya’s 1963 Constitution established a Senate that consisted of 41 senators elected for six years, with one-third of the members retiring every two years. Timothy Chokwe served as the first speaker of the Senate. The Senate was abolished in 1966, when its membership was combined with that of the House of Representatives to form a unicameral legislature, the National Assembly.
Modern Senate, 2013–present
The 2013 Kenya Senate elections took place on 4 March 2013. Under the new constitution, which was passed during the 2010 referendum, the 2013 general election was the first to include the election of Senators representing the 47 newly created counties. They were also the first general elections run by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. According to their share of elected seats, the political parties nominated an additional 16 women. Additional nominations were made for two members representing the youth and two members representing persons with disabilities. The speaker, who is an ex officio member, was elected by the senators sworn in on the first sitting of the Senate.
Powers of the Sanate in Kenya
The powers and role of the Senate in Kenya are as follows:
- Empowered to represent the interests of the counties and their governments
- Participates in law-making by considering, debating and approving bills concerning counties
- Determines allocation of national revenue among counties.
- Has powers of impeachment over the president, deputy president, county governor, and deputy governors
Qualifications For The Position Of A Senator In Kenya
- Must have been a Kenyan citizen for at least 10 years before the election;
- Must not owe allegiance to a foreign state;
- Must be a registered voter;
- Is nominated by a Political Party or is an independent candidate;
- Must meet the statutory moral and ethical requirements under the Leadership and Integrity Act;
- Must not be a public officer or acting in any State of public office other than a Member of Parliament;
- Must not hold dual citizenship unless citizenship of the other country has been obtained by operation of law without capacity to opt out;
- Must not be an undischarged bankrupt;
- Must not be a person of unsound mind;
- Must not be subject to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months from the date of registration of candidates or date of elections;
- Must not have been found to have abused or misused state or public office or contravened Chapter Six of the Constitution; and
- Must not have been dismissed or removed from public office for contravening the provisions of Articles 75, 76, 77 and 78 of the Constitution
“There is established a Parliament of Kenya, which shall consist of the National Assembly and the Senate.” Article 93 (1) The Constitution of Kenya (2010)
After a 50 year hiatus Kenyans elected senators in the general election of March 4, to represent the 47 counties. The elected and nominated senators met on March 28, at their temporary chambers at the Kenyatta International Conference Centre amphitheater, were sworn in and elected Hon. Ekwe David Ethuro as the Speaker.
Composition of the Senate
The Senate comprises of 68 members, as per article 98 (1) “The Senate consists of –
(a) forty seven members each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a sing member constituency;
(b) sixteen women members who shall be nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate elected under clause (a) in accordance with Article 90;
(c) two members, being one man and one woman, representing the youth;
(d) two members, being one man and one woman, representing persons with disabilities; and
(e) the Speaker, who shall be an ex officio member.”
Here is a Complete List of Senators – 11th Parliament [2013 – 2017]
|Members of the Senate (2013 – 2017)
|maintained by @nyongesasande
||Hasan Omar Hasan
||(Boy Juma Boy)
||Stewart Mwachiru Shadrack Madzayo
||Ali Abdi Bule
||Abu Mohamed Abu Chaiba
||Danson Mwazo Mwakulegwa
||Mohamed Yusuf Haji
||Abdirahman Ali Hassan
||Adan Kerow Billow
||Mohamed Abdi Kuti
||Lenny Maxwell Kivuti
||Johnson Nduya Muthama
||Mutula Kilonzo Jr. (Mutula Kilonzo)
||Muriuki Karue Muriuki
||Dickson Daniel Karaba
||James Kembi Gitura
||Paul Kimani Njoroge
||John Munyes Kiyonga
||John Krop Lonyangapuo
||Sammy Prisa Leshore
||Henry Tiole Ndiema
||Isaac Kipkemboi Melly
||Onesimus Kipchumba Murkomen
||Stephen Kipyego Sang
||Gideon Kipsielei Towett Moi
||Godfrey Gitahi Kariuki
||James Kiarie Mungai
||Stephen Kanyinke Ntutu
||Peter Korinko Mositet
||Aaron Kipkirui Cheruiyot (Charles Cheruiyot Keter)
||Wilfred Rotich Lesan
||Moses Masika Wetangula
||Amos Sitswala Wako
||James Aggrey Bob Orengo
||Peter Anyang’ Nyong’o
||Moses Otieno Kajwang (Gerald Otieno Kajwang)
||Wilfred Gisuka Machage
||Christopher Mogere Obure
||Kennedy Mong’are Okong’o
||Mike Sonko Mbuvi Kioko
Notably ‘senator 1’ Hon. Godfrey Gitahi Kariuki, Senator for Laikipia, was first elected as a member of parliament (MP) in 1963. He served in the 1st parliament as a MP for Laikipia – Nanyuki.
Women Members of the Senate
18 nominated women to the Senate.
Political Parties in the Senate
Following the March 4, 2013 elections, 10 political parties are represented in the Senate. They are listed below with their respective number of representatives;
- The National Alliance (TNA) – 17
- United Republican Party (URP) – 12
- Alliance Party of Kenya (APK) – 3
- Kenya African National Union (KANU) – 3
- United Democratic Forum Party (UDFP) – 3
- National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) – 1
- Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) – 17
- Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya (WDM-K) – 5 (*including the Makueni senate seat)
- Forum For Restoration Of Democracy – Kenya (FORD-Kenya) – 5
- Federal Party of Kenya (FPK) – 1
The first six are members of the ruling Jubilee coalition and the latter four of the Coalition for Reform and Democracy (CORD).
* Makueni county elected Mutula Kilonzo to the Senate on March 4, 2013 but he passed away on April 27, 2013.
Aug 14, 2013 – Mutula Kilonzo Jr. was elected as the new Senator for Makueni in the by-election held on July 26, 2013
Oct 11, 2013 – The election of Moses Wetangula (FORD-Kenya) as Senator for Bungoma county, was nullified by the High Court due to irregularities. The by-election will be held on 19 December 2013.
Oct 16, 2013 – Mr. Ben Njoroge (TNA) and Ms. Godliver Omondi (ODM) have replaced Ms. Linet Kemunto and Mr. Harold Kipchumba, respectively, as nominated senators representing disabled people. This follows the annulment by the High Court of the earlier nominations by the IEBC.
Feb 16, 2017 – Moses Wetangula (FORD – Kenya) was re-elected as the senator for Bungoma in a by-election held on Dec 19, 2013.
Feb 16, 2017 – Boy Juma Boy (ODM) Kwale senator died at a Nairobi hospital on Feb 12, 2017, after a short illness.
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